With a growing population and growing number of people seeking help with addiction, the world is starting to understand the importance of encouraging people to use alternative nicotine-containing products.
But there are still some who think there’s a danger in vaping.
This article looks at some of the issues and challenges surrounding vaping and how we can help protect our communities.
What is vaping?
There are three basic types of nicotine-based products: e-cigarettes, patches, and inhalers.
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a popular alternative to tobacco cigarettes.
They are designed to deliver nicotine, but are usually nicotine-less.
They typically contain less nicotine than tobacco cigarettes, and they can be bought online or over the counter.
They can also be bought over the phone and online from online shops.
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (eNas) deliver nicotine via the air.
These devices deliver nicotine by inhaling the vapour created by the nicotine-laced liquids, usually in aerosols.
Nicotine-free e-cigarette vapour is less harmful to the lungs than tobacco-free vapour, but it contains more harmful substances such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulphide and other chemicals.
It’s important to understand how e-liquid flavours can affect health and safety.
They include flavours like cherry and lime and some flavours like strawberry and banana.
Many flavours contain flavourings that are known to be harmful, including: flavourings linked to cancer and cancer-causing compounds, including butylated hydroxytoluene, xanthan gum, propylene glycol, xylitol and glyceryl stearate (found in chocolate, coffee and chocolate chips) flavouring that is known to cause allergic reactions, and a range of flavours that can cause nausea and vomiting.
Flavouring used in e-liquids can also cause skin irritation.
These ingredients can irritate the eyes, nose and throat, causing skin damage.
Some e-juice is also carcinogenic, causing cancers in laboratory animals and humans.
Some people who have used e-smokes may find it difficult to stop.
Some studies have found that people who use e-vapor products are at higher risk of developing skin cancer and lung cancer, as well as having lower levels of HDL (good cholesterol) and triglycerides, a measure of blood sugar.
Some scientists are sceptical of the long-term health effects of vaping.
There’s a growing body of research showing that electronic cigarettes can cause serious health problems and that vaping is a potentially carcinogenic product.
Some of these studies suggest that e-cig use is linked to cancers of the lungs, prostate and colorectum.
Some research suggests that vaping leads to more aggressive and more prolonged smoking.
A recent study of young smokers in Melbourne found that vaping was linked to a significantly higher number of adverse health events, including lung cancer and non-specific cardiovascular disease.
But many of these findings are disputed, including one study that found that e‐cigarette use was not associated with adverse health outcomes among people with previous cigarette smoking.
More research is needed to establish the health effects associated with e-smoking.
What are the dangers of vaping?
E-cigarette products are commonly sold in the US, Europe and Asia, and are commonly advertised as safe.
But research shows they are not.
For example, a 2015 study in the Lancet found that of the 12,000 people who took part in a randomised controlled trial comparing e-cigs to tobacco and nicotine-replacement therapy, those who switched to e-e-cigarette use reported higher rates of negative health outcomes.
The report noted that people switching to eCigs experienced higher levels of “increased risk of adverse events”.
However, a 2013 review of studies on e-tobacco products in adults and children found no evidence to suggest that they caused lung cancer or other cancers.
Nicotine can act as a chemical that can stimulate the brain and the body to respond to certain stimuli.
These include changes in blood pressure, heart rate, temperature and breathing.
E-cigarettes contain a nicotine solution, which has been found to act on the brain to cause a range, including stimulation of appetite, weight loss, mood changes and sedation.
They also act on different parts of the body, including the stomach and the mouth.
The majority of research has focused on people who vape their nicotine-rich e-colas.
There is some evidence that some e-nicks can act like tobacco cigarettes but it is unclear whether this is because of the chemicals or because the products have different flavours.
Another study found that in people who smoke cigarettes, a daily dose of nicotine can be absorbed into the bloodstream faster than it is expelled from the body.
A 2015 study of over 4,500 Australian teenagers found that some of them had tried e-snuffs, which contain a mixture of nicotine and nicotine gum.
The researchers suggested