A low-dose nicotine and a low-salt diet may help with the recovery process after an addiction to nicotine, according to a new study.
The findings could have implications for helping smokers quit the habit.
The researchers found that people who were eating a low carb diet had less withdrawal symptoms and experienced less addiction than those who followed a low fat diet.
The low-carb diet is similar to a low protein diet that’s low in fat and carbs, according the study, published online by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
It was conducted by researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch, Texas A&M University and the University at Buffalo.
It’s a study of a low calorie diet that includes a high amount of fiber.
The team also included a group of people who followed an intervention plan to cut down on smoking, and it included more than 30 participants who had never tried a low dose of nicotine or salt before.
The results were not surprising because they found that participants who followed the low-protein diet had lower relapse rates and less nicotine dependence, and that they had higher self-reported measures of physical health and emotional well-being.
“There was a very clear link between low-fat diets and less dependence and reduced withdrawal symptoms,” said study co-author Dr. Michelle Gershoff, associate professor of psychiatry at the UTMB.
She added that the researchers found no correlation between low fat diets and withdrawal symptoms, but “we know that low-fiber diets have an impact on psychological well-beings.”
She noted that the study was conducted on a group that is relatively new to this type of research.
Previous studies have looked at low-calorie diets in terms of whether they help with quitting smoking and alcohol dependence, but there are other reasons to think that low carb diets may help.
“They’re lower in fat, so they’re less likely to trigger an insulin response, so the insulin response is lower,” Gershof said.
“So they’re more likely to be ketogenic, which means that there’s less energy expenditure and there’s more satiety.
It is a ketogenic diet, which is a low carbohydrate diet.”
The researchers are now investigating whether low-nutrient diets could help people who are on the low carb or low fat trajectory, but Gersho said that the research is still in its early stages.
“If it works, it’s really great, because it’s the first study that has shown that low fat is effective for a long-term outcome,” she said.
There’s also research showing that ketogenic diets reduce inflammation and are helpful in helping people who have type 2 diabetes.
However, Gershoe cautioned that more research needs to be done before it can be concluded that low carbohydrate diets are effective for quitting smoking.
“People who are trying to quit should really be eating their low-density carbohydrates,” she added.
“It’s not necessarily the low density carbohydrates that are going to work for them, but the high density carbohydrates.”
Gershoes work is supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the University’s School of Public Health and the Veterans Administration.